Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program
When families become homeless, the experience is traumatizing, especially for children. Research compiled by the National Center on Homeless Education (the technical assistance center for the EHCY program) indicates that children in families experiencing homelessness have higher rates of emotional problems than other children, which can affect their ability to perform well in school. In addition, children experiencing homelessness often change schools, and repeated changes of school can contribute to decreased academic achievement. EHCY, authorized under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, supports efforts around the country to ensure that these children and youth continue to attend school and succeed academically.
The authorizing statute requires that each State have an office for coordination of the education of homeless children and youth, which gathers comprehensive information from other agencies and programs about homeless children and youth and the impediments they must overcome to attend and succeed in school. States offer guidance, planning, and technical assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs), which in turn facilitate the enrollment, attendance, and success in school of homeless children and youth. Using program funds, LEAs administer programs and support services for children and youth experiencing homelessness that are supplements to the regular academic program. Examples include tutoring and enrichment programs during or outside of school, school supplies provision, evaluation and referral services, and training for educators on the needs of this population.
State educational agencies in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico are eligible for grants. LEAs are eligible for subgrants, which are awarded by the States. Funds are also reserved for the outlying areas and the Department of the Interior/Bureau of Indian Education.
Children and youth who are experiencing homelessness, as well as their parents, directly benefit from this program.
States are allocated formula funding and must use at least 75 percent of their allocations to make subgrants competitively to LEAs.